Factors that Affect Nursing Students and their Completion of the Nursing Program:
An Annotated Bibliography
Recently, I found and read three articles online that got me thinking about a question regarding students in the nursing program. As a pre-nursing student and hoping to enroll the in nursing program, I was attracted to the ideas presented in the articles because they were insightful and raised an interesting question: What prevents some students to not completing the nursing program? Nursing isn’t easy, but sometimes the students just don’t seem to be able to handle it. Some students just don’t seem to be able to handle the pressure, but is it them or the outside influences that causes them to leave? I was drawn to explore this further because I was concerned that I might face the same thing later on and hope I would be able to handle them. These questions encouraged me to investigate further and consider how students handle, or don’t handle, the positive and negative aspects of the program.
The bibliography that follows is based on the idea that educational institutes that teach the students are not the biggest factor affecting the students. Rather, it seems to be the clinical placement and support of the mentors they are given. This is the article which encouraged me to look further and raised question the additional articles tried to answer. The question of why do students leave the program? These articles craft all these experiences and opinions together to form a teaching experience that I will remember when I encounter these obstacles.
Crombie, Alison, et al. “Factors That Enhance Rates Of Completion: What Makes Students Stay?.” Nurse Education Today 33.11 (2013): 1282-1287. CINAHL with Full Text. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
Alison Crombie’s article, “Factors that enhance rates of completion: What makes students stay?” provides understanding of the influences that aid and thwart the attempts of nursing students. It explores the relationship between these factors and the retention rate of the students. The article includes the prediction of a shortage of nurses to fill job openings in the years to come. This problem stems from the departure of the nursing student in the program before it finishes. However, many students blossom in the clinical setting because of personal tutors, good preparation for placement in jobs, and good attitudes of mentors. If these elements are not up to par though, the student will have a much harder time trying to learn and keep up in the area. The article also expresses concern about a student’s personality as a factor in retention.
Crombie’s article was targets a specialized audience focused toward teachers and mentors in the nursing field, although, it could be particularly useful for students in the nursing field. This was possibly done in hopes that the rate would lower and students would achieve their dream. Reading this was informative and a steady warning of what could be coming. When the students gave their statements of what had happened to them, it fashioned a relatable aspect to the article that evokes your feelings on the topic. The article addresses the issue of what the role of students is and why they are often treated so poorly.
In addition to writing articles for The Lanclet, Alison Crombie works at a European General Hospital in the United Kingdom.
Cowin, L.S., and M. Johnson. “Many Paths Lead To Nursing: Factors Influencing Students’ Perceptions Of Nursing.” International Nursing Review 58.4 (2011): 413-419.Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
In “Many Paths Lead To Nursing: Factors Influencing Students’ Perceptions Of Nursing,” Cowin and Johnson express the idea that the qualities of nurses and nursing students are seriously affecting the retention rate. The article investigates the claim that nursing students without certain personality qualities will not succeed in the end. Nursing is a field of work where basically everyone already has a pre-conceived ideal of how the job is going to be and what it is going to take to be good at that job. It intensifies the need for students to be open-minded and not to have expectations about this because of the importance on certain values is ever-changing. It explains that this could be a factor in students not staying with the program because they have these ideal already set in concrete on their mind. This causes many students to go in believing they do not fit the image of the perfect nurse, and so they can’t take the pressure. These ideals cause some males and minority students to question whether or not they belong. There is evidence suggesting that there is a very significant difference in the perceptions of nursing and what being a nurse actually means. The research found that mature students who had realistic expectations and open mind are more likely to succeed in nursing.
This article’s information can be aimed as important career advice for school counselors and nursing teachers, so they can determine who has these ideals and help them through the obstacles. This could be potentially advantageous to students as it would help them see that not all appearances are true, and they need not worry about qualities and ideals that society has formed abut nurses. They do not need to be intimidated by them, and maybe this would help them figure out an answer when they are asked why they want to be a nurse.
Cowin and Johnson were both on the 2011 International Council of Nurses and they write for the International Nursing Review. Johnson, additionally, publishes articles for the US National Library of Medicine. Cowin works with the School of Nursing and Midwifery, and the College of Health Sciences.
Duckworth, Paula. “What Sort Of Future Do The Best And Brightest Have In Nursing?.” Nursing Standard 28.7 (2013): 34. Academic Search Complete. Web. 17 Nov. 2013.
In Paula Duckworth’s article “What Sort Of Future Do the Best and Brightest Have In Nursing?” she reports that it’s getting harder for students to continue the program because of all the payroll cuts. Financial aid is becoming harder and harder to find for nursing students, and it’s harder to stick to a profession when its pay is cut into smaller and smaller pieces. Paula expresses her great dislike of the government’s handling nurse salaries and she believes that this will affect the new nursing students. She worries that we are in danger of losing the best and smartest nurses we will ever have because of financial issues. She considers nursing morale to be at its lowest point yet.
Paula’s opinions offer a startling idea that can impact many students hopes for a job. The article seems to be aimed for nursing students to warn and, hopefully, cause some change in their future. It’s unfortunate, but without decent pay nursing student might try to find work in another area of expertise. While this isn’t as big a factor as others, this does cause some to reconsider their decision.
Paula Duckworth publishes articles and writes scholarly letter on the different aspects of nursing for The Nursing Standard.